Based on Churchward’s 4200 Class, Seventy Collett designed class 5205 locomotives were built by the GWR from 1923 for short-haul heavy coal trains in South Wales. The class had outside steam pipes and 19″ cylinders so they were slightly more powerful than their predecessors.
Twenty more locomotives of similar design, but with curved frames at the front and a raised section over the cylinders, were built from 1930. These were 5275 Class, numbered 5275 to 5294.
Twenty 5205s and all the 5275 class were rebuilt between 1934 and 1936 as 7200 class 2-8-2Ts. Ten more 5205 Class locomotives were built in 1940, reusing numbers 5255 to 5264 from engines rebuilt as 7200 Class.
These engines gave sterling service and all those not rebuilt as 7200s passed into British Railways hands. The class was withdrawn between 1959 and 1965, the last year of GWR steam operation.
Three of the class have been preserved, numbers 5224, 5227 & 5239. All were rescued from Woodhams Brothers Scrapyard in Barry.
GWR 5205 Class 2-8-0T specification
Power class (BR): 8F
Length: 40 ft 9 in (12.42 m)
Gauge: 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm)
Driving wheel dia: 4 ft 7½ in (1,410mm)
Boiler Pressure: 200 psi (1.38 MPa)
Cylinders: 2 outside, 19 x 30 in (483 x 762mm)
Loco weight: 82 tons 2 cwt (74.48 tonnes)
Tractive effort: 33,170 lbf (44,972 Nm)
Last updated 29/03/14